Glossary


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Wahoo


The Spindle Tree found in hedges and copses is a smooth-leaved shrub.  It is about 6 feet high, with a smooth ash-colored bark, and has small dark purple flowers and leaves that are purple-tinged at the serrated edges.  Wahoo bark, as it is called commercially, is the dried root-bark of this species.

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Watercress


Hardy aquatic perennial with hollow branching stems 1-2 feet long.  Creeping or floating stems bear fleshy, shiny, heart-shaped leaves.  Leaves are dark green to brownish green or bronze.  Clusters of small white flowers appear at tips of stems.  Blooms: Early summer to mid-autumn

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Watermelon Seeds


Native to tropical Africa, its vines grow prostrate, with branched tendrils, deeply cut leaves, and light yellow flowers borne singly in the axil of a leaf. Large melons with green-and-yellow striped rinds follow the flowers. 

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White Oak


Deciduous tree up to 130 feet, with a rounded, spreading crown and smooth, grayish bark.  Oblong leaves with 3-7 lobes per side are followed by acorns. Catkin-like flowers bloom from April to May.

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White Pine


Eastern white pine is an evergreen tree bearing 4-8 inch narrow cones.  The tree is the largest conifer in the Northeast and can reach up to 100 feet in height.

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White Poplar


Soft wooded, deciduous tree with flowers shaped like catkins.  Leaves are generally broad and undivided.  Small seed capsules with seeds surrounded by white cottony hair. Height: 90 feet or more.

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White Willow


Deciduous tree up to 75 feet, with tiny, petal-less flowers in dense cylindrical catkins. It has alternate, undivided, narrow leaves, and produces small capsules with downy seeds.  Blooms: Mid-spring

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Wild Cherry


Shrub or small tree in leaf all year.  It has reddish to dark brown branches with sharply toothed leaves.  Cherries ripen from October to February.

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Wild Lettuce


Annual, herbaceous plant with green or reddish stems and white juice.  The leaves can vary between entire and lanceolate to pinnately lobed and toothed, and flowers are pale yellow.  Blooms: Early summer to early fall.  Height: Up to 10 feet.

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Wild Yam


A deciduous, perennial vine, climbing to 20 feet. Heart-shaped alternate leaves, hairy on the under surface, are borne singly along the slender stem.

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Wintergreen


Creeping perennial evergreen producing round red berries from late summer-winter. Height: 4 inches.  Blooms: White blossoms in July

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Witch Hazel


A small deciduous tree growing to 15 feet with coarsely toothed, broadly oval leaves.  Its single root sends up several twisting stems that fork into many flexible, hairy branches.  Witch hazel blooms long after most other flowers have disappeared, depending on location, from September to December.

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Wood Betony


Softly textured bush with rosettes of stiff, hairy, pointed leaves.  Spikes of pink or white flowers bloom July-August.  Height: 2-3 feet; width: 2 feet

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Woodruff


Perennial ground cover, it has small, funnel-shaped white flowers in loose cymes. The leaves are narrow, lanceolate, in whorls of 6-8 around the stem. Fruit: 1/2 inch long, ribbed, and bristly. Height: 8 inches.

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Wormwood


Perennial with feathery gray-green leaves, long stalked, and oval, that produce an acid odor.  Flowers are small, round, greenish-yellow florets, followed by simple seeds. Height: up to 2 and a half feet.  Blooms: July-August.

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