Glossary


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Papaya


A palm-like, tropical, herbaceous perennial tree growing very rapidly to 25 feet.  It is gray-brown and scarred, being of a fleshy woody substance. It is soft and hollow.  The melon-like fruits are berries and can weigh up to 22 pounds.

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Paprika


Spice made from ground peppers, in various grades depending on which parts of the pepper plant are used.

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Parsley


Parsley is a soft, rounded leafy mound, with a height of 2-3 feet and 10 inches in width.  Flowers are green-yellow in umbels.

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Passion Flower


Stalk with 2-inch flowers having brilliant purple or pink coronas and five white or lavender petals.  Tendrils coil out from the leaf axils, which are alternately placed.  The fruit, a berry, is known as a water lemon, and has thin orange skin with edible yellowish pulp containing many seeds.  Height: 25-30 feet.  Blooms: Early to late summer.

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Peach


Deciduous tree up to 25 feet high, with fast-growing, spreading branches.  Leaves are tapering oblongs with serrated edges. Pale pink blossoms appear before leaves are fully open.  The fruit surrounds a hard stone with an oil-filled kernel inside.  Blooms: April 

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Pennyroyal


English pennyroyal: Tall groundcover with a height of 1 foot and a width of 1 foot.  The flowers are pale purple, grouped in whorls on upper top of short flowering stalks.  The leaves are dark green and slightly hairy.

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Peppermint


Reddish, erect, branched stems up to 2-3 feet high. Peppermint's leaves are hairy, sharply serrated, and are green to reddish-green.  Whorled clusters of reddish flowers form loose spikes at leaf axils.

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Pimpernel


Tender stem with stalkless leaves growing in pairs.  White-yellowish flowers grow in umbels, followed by tiny brown-black fruit. Blooms: July-August

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Pipsissewa


Low growing evergreen plant with wriggly-looking stems that trail along the ground.  Flowers  are in terminal clusters on long stalks and may be white or pink. It produces globe-shaped capsules containing many seeds and grows up to 10 inches.  Blooms: May-August.

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Plantain


The greater plantain is usually perennial, and survives the winter by means of its short rootstock set with long fibrous roots.  The five to seven-veined leaves are all arranged in a basal rosette that lies flat on the ground.  It blooms from May to August.

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Pleurisy Root


Herbaceous perennial with brilliant orange or red flower clusters, followed by green pods that open and release silky seeds. Height: 2 feet. Blooms: Mid-summer to autumn

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Pomegranate


Deciduous shrub or tree with spine-tipped branches, whorls of lance-shaped leaves, and scarlet flowers.  The fruit is leathery-rinded and contains many pulp-covered seeds.  Height: Up to 20 feet

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Poppy


Delicate annual growing up to 3 feet, with an erect, hairy stem.  that bears lance-shaped basal leaves and incised stem leaves. The 2-inch wide red flowers have black anthers. It has small rounded seed capsules. Blooms: May-October.

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Prickly Ash


Shrub or small tree with sharp spines on branches and leaf stalks.  Oval, pinnate leaves are dark green with soft hairs on the undersides, and small, yellow-green flowers appear before leaves.  Blue berries are surrounded by gray shells and grow in clusters at tops of branches. Blooms: May-June.  Height: Up to 10 feet

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Pumpkin


Trailing annual vine with long, branched stems up to 20 feet bearing large, triangular lobed leaves.  Funnel-shaped, deep yellow flowers appear, swelling and ripening into bright orange, ribbed fruit. Blooms: July-September

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